alfalfa hay and laminitis in horses

Low NSC is common in alfalfa since legumes store carbohydrates as starch. 877. The horse should be fed low-NSC hay at the rate of 1.5 to 2% of body weight. The severity of damage is unique to each case with the worst damage resulting in founder which is the sinking of the coffin bone.. I have recently been asked about some information floating … In severe cases it is likely to leave behind a … Unfortunately, others suffer such severe, irreparable … The high quality protein in alfalfa hay will help the horse to repair its damaged laminae while the energy derived from the alfalfa will prevent these horses from entering a negative … Alfalfa hay can also be useful in the diets of horses with insulin resistance. Chewy is typical of many horses in that he was diagnosed with PPID when he was 22-years-old following repeated bouts of laminitis. Second cut alfalfa hay is usually the fastest growing because it is developing during the hottest part of the season, and it usually has more stem in relation to leaf. My horse has PPID … Treating with mineral oil via a nasogastric tube to purge the horse's digestive tract, especially if the horse has overeaten. The forum for The Laminitis Site to discuss laminitis, IR/EMS and PPID in horses. After colic, laminitis is the second biggest killer of horses. Can a horse get laminitis from hay? Most horses will readily consume alfalfa hay. It is true that a very high quality dairy alfalfa, with soft stems and few blossoms, may be as much as 20% higher in calories but a very early cutting of grass hay will be a lot closer. A study conducted at Cornell University showed that when given a choice, horses preferred untreated alfalfa to alfalfa that was treated with a mixture of propionic and acetic acid. Horses in this study ate 1.5% to 1.8% of their bodyweight in teff hay, with the lower intakes being on the more mature hay. Risk for development of pasture-associated laminitis results from high … Here is a link that gives information on founder and what horses may be at risk. The high quality protein in alfalfa hay will help the horse to repair its damaged laminae while the energy derived from the alfalfa will prevent these horses from entering a negative … We don't feed alfalfa atm because we have 2 who react very badly to it but I have fed it very successfully to a mare who couldn't tolerate a number of other feeds. It contains, on average, only 7% sugar, which is less than what you would find in standard horse hay. Other nutritional trigger factors such as hay and concentrate intake should be reviewed and diet revisions made, if necessary. Obese horses also put more load on … Glucose and Insulin Response of Horses Grazing Alfalfa, Perennial Cool-Season Grass, and Teff Across Seasons ... blue represents the amount of inulin fructan for his bodyweight that was given in a bolus experimentally to induce laminitis in 5/16 horses - 5 g x 298 kg. Anecdotal observations and the results of survey studies have indicated that most laminitis cases occur in horses and ponies kept at pasture. Thus, after a short conditioning period, horses will consume acid-treated hay. Selecting alfalfa hay with moderate protein content and providing additional diet fortification with minerals, help make this a balanced forage for horses. The Laminitis Site. Alfalfa is said to be higher calorie than grass hays. ... NOTIFICATIONS. Horses with enteroliths have a higher pH in the large colon as well as a higher mineral content. Note hay … Modifying your horse's diet is essential to preventing laminitis, and you can also do things to make your horse more comfortable during a flareup. Moreover I need to advertise my hay as a quality product to help prevent or reduce laminitis in horses. Laminitis is a complex cascade of events that causes the soft tissues (laminae) within the hoof to swell, weaken and die. Feed only grass hay until advised by your veterinarian. Alfalfa Hay. Alfalfa averages 10-15% NSC, and oat hay is very high, averaging 22%. This is the lowest amount of fructan that has induced laminitis … Legumes are higher in protein, energy, calcium, and vitamin A than grass hay. thelaminitissite > Laminitis > Diet > Alfalfa hay or grass hay? 1 post Alfalfa hay or grass hay? The horse hasn't been born that doesn't love alfalfa. This can all occur before any symptoms are apparent and once the process has started it is extremely difficult to stop. And after years of working with horses, it appears that it may, in fact, lead to laminitis in some horses. 1.5-2% bodyweight hay (depending on whether weight loss is needed (1.5%) or not (2%), so 7.5-10 kg for a 500 kg horse, 3.75-5 kg for a 250 kg pony), soaked for at least 1 hour then drained to reduce sugars (or analysed to show combined sugar/starch no more than 10%). Share with: Link: Copy link. As such, horse owners are becoming savvier in choosing the best hay for their horses, especially when those horses are affected by metabolic conditions. However, if your horse with Cushings is on the heavier side, it is best to steer away from alfalfa hay … Horsemen recognize the importance of good-quality forage for horses and ponies. She also suggests turning horses out on pasture (preferably after testing the sugar level in the grass, which I personally think is a waste of time since the sugar level in pasture rises and … Table 2 shows the variability among legume, cereal (oat and wheat), cool season (grass) and warm season (bermudagrass and teff) hays in energy, protein, fiber and various measures of carbohydrate content. In this post, we’ll go over what laminitis is, what causes it and how to prevent it. [READ: Buy the Right Hay] 7 Alfalfa Cons. Tests established Chewy had both PPID and Equine Metabolic Syndrome.. After speaking to our nutrition team, Chewy’s owner, Rebecca changed his diet to Hi-Fi Lite and … Some horses that develop laminitis make uneventful recoveries and go on to lead long, useful lives. Share. cortisol, and inflammatory factors that can all ultimately trigger changes in the foot that lead to laminitis. However, because of its high palatability, intake must be restricted to keep horses from overeating and becoming colicky. Owners and trainers who have been unlucky enough to have first hand experience of laminitis or founder are aware of the saying “A horse is only as good as its hooves”. Standlee Premium Western Forage® has several excellent choices of alfalfa products ranging from compressed bales to chopped alfalfa and pelleted and … Sensitivity. Hi-Fi Lite combines alfalfa and high-quality soft straw with a light molasses coating. Grasses have higher NSC levels because they store their carbohydrates as fructan. Feeds with a combined sugar and starch content of less than 10% should be fed to horses with laminitis; If horses are underweight and need to gain condition, consider adding alfalfa-based forages as they contain more calories per pound, but are low in sugars and starches; If horses are overweight, consider … However, when only given the choice of acid treated hay, the horses readily consumed it. These exciting data provide a promising foundation for the study of hindgut bacterial factors that may cause laminitis to develop and … Alfalfa can be a good option for a horse with Cushings if they are a hard time holding their weight because it is more calorie-dense than grass hay. If you are concerned about sugar levels in hay, soak the hay … Rhodes and Teff) and mature or stemmy Lucerne hay). Q. In the reverse, and contrary to popular opinion, alfalfa hay is a very suitable feedstuff for horses that have suffered a bout of laminitis. Diets high in alfalfa hay are seen as a risk factor and are higher in some locations such as California, Florida and Louisiana possibly because mineral content of the feed as it relates to the soil in these areas. Interestingly, horses with chronic laminitis had higher bacterial diversity than control horses. As Hi-Fi Lite is so low in sugar it is particularly suitable for horses and ponies that require a low sugar ration and those prone to laminitis. Of all cuttings, second cut tends to be the lowest in crude protein, but its 16 percent average is adequate for all classes of horses. Waste. Alfalfa hay is one of the best legume hays fed to horses. So, to get you started on how to prevent and treat hoof problems I have put together a complete list of Do’s and Don’ts to address the root causes of laminitis … The epidemic of laminitis within the horse community is staggering. Overall management and feeding of horses with laminitis … Its high protein content, however, makes it more caloric, which can be a problem for IR horses who need to lose … It is the second leading cause of death in the domestic horse today and we believe it should be the last. Laminitis is quite unlike any other equine disease. Again, this is a good thing as horses on restricted diets are unlikely to eat this hay as fast as more palatable hays like alfalfa, so they should eat for longer periods of time for lower calorie intake. I found this to be very puzzling since alfalfa is low in sugar and starch, even lower than most grass hays. Post Oct 19, 2013 #1 2013-10-19T12:51. In order to gauge how much sugar or starch a hay contains, it must be submitted to … The horse should be fed low-NSC hay at the rate of 1.5 to 2% of body weight. OP, I wouldn't be surprised if the cause of your horse's laminitis were concussion but if you have been feeding Alfa-A Original, that is molassed, so could … The following points summarize the current advice regarding strategies for managing horses and ponies that are prone to laminitis: Feed hays that are typically low in sugars (mature or stemmy tropical grass hay (e.g. Although alfalfa hay FORUMS. PPID Case Study. My horses poop on their leftover hay so I have issues there, but she would probably say I need to work on how I feed my horses. Other things to consider before turning horses out on pasture, especially in the spring include: 1) Initially restrict grazing time and slowly increase turnout time to allow horses to adapt to the new feed source; 2) Feed hay before turnout to curb appetites; 3) Feed hay when grazing, especially if pasture grasses are limited to … Prior to soaking, both alfalfa hays were below 10 percent NSC (Table 1). Insulin-resistant horses prone to laminitis may be sensitive to alfalfa. Laminitis is a painful and distressing condition of the hoof, and it can lead to chronic, incurable lameness in horses if it is not treated promptly. It can often cause lameness in two, or all four feet at one time, but it is preventable. Although it poses some balancing challenges, alfalfa can be a valuable addition to the diet. Both grass hays had NSC … Alfalfa also has a reputation for making horses “hot” in a behavioral sense. Alfalfa hay (lucerne) can be part of the diet during the acute stages. However, for reasons that are not yet explained alfalfa can cause flares of laminitis pain in some IR horses. Laminitis, commonly known as founder, is a painful disease that causes severe lameness in horses. 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